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MHRA Essential Requirements

MHRA Medical device essential requirements - general

The following apply to all devices

  1. The devices must be designed and manufactured in such a way that, when used under the conditions and for the purposes intended, they will not compromise the clinical condition or the safety of the patients, or the safety and health of users or, where applicable, other persons, provided that any risks which may be associated with their intended use constitute acceptable risks when weighed against the benefits to the patient and are compatible with a high level of protection of health and safety.

    This shall include

    • reducing as far as possible, the risk of use error due to the ergonomic features of the device and the environment in which the device is intended to be used (design for patient safety), and

    • consideration of the technical knowledge, experience, education and training and where applicable the medical and physical conditions of intended users (design for lay, professional, disabled or other users).

  2. The solutions adopted by the manufacturer for the design and construction of the devices must conform to safety principles, taking account of the generally acknowledged state of the art.

    In selecting the most appropriate solutions, the manufacturer must apply the following principles in the following order

    • eliminate or reduce risks as far as possible (inherently safe design and construction),

    • where appropriate take adequate protection measures including alarms if necessary, in relation to risks that cannot be eliminated,

    • inform users of the residual risks due to any shortcomings of the protection measures adopted.

  3. The devices must achieve the performances intended by the manufacturer and be designed, manufactured and packaged in such a way that they are suitable for one or more of the functions referred to in UK MDR 2002 - Part I Section 2(1), as specified by the manufacturer.

  4. The characteristics and performances referred to in Sections 1, 2 and 3 must not be adversely affected to such a degree that the clinical conditions and safety of the patients and, where applicable, of other persons are compromised during the lifetime of the device as indicated by the manufacturer, when the device is subjected to the stresses which can occur during normal conditions of use.

  5. The devices must be designed, manufactured and packed in such a way that their characteristics and performances during their intended use will not be adversely affected during transport and storage taking account of the instructions and information provided by the manufacturer.

  6. Any undesirable side-effect must constitute an acceptable risk when weighed against the performances intended.

    6a. Demonstration of conformity with the essential requirements must include a clinical evaluation in accordance with Annex X.

Design and construction essential requirements

The manufacturer will need to determine which apply to their software by reviewing Regulation 9 of UK MDR 2002. The following are likely to apply to software devices:

9.1 If the device is intended for use in combination with other devices or equipment, the whole combination, including the connection system must be safe and must not impair the specified performances of the devices. Any restrictions on use must be indicated on the label or in the instructions for use.

12.1 Devices incorporating electronic programmable systems must be designed to ensure the repeatability, reliability and performan ce of these systems according to the intended use. In the event of a single fault condition (in the system) appropriate means shoul d be adopted to eliminate or reduce as far as possible consequent risks.

12.1a For devices which incorporate software or which are medical software in themselves, the software must be validated according to the state of the art taking into account the principles of development lifecycle, risk management, validation and verification.

12.4 Devices intended to monitor one or more clinical parameters of a patient must be equipped with appropriate alarm system to alert the user of situations which could lead to death or severe deterioration of the patient’s state of health.

12.9.1 Where a device bears instructions required for its operation or indicates operating or adjustment parameters by means of a visual system, such information must be understandable to the user and, as appropriate, the patient.

13.1 Each device must be accompanied by the information needed to use it safely and properly, taking account of the training and knowledge of the potential users, and to identify the manufacturer.

This information comprises the details on the label and the data in the instructions for use

13.3 The label must bear the following particulars.

13.6 Where appropriate, the instructions for use must contain the following particulars:

(c) if the device must be installed with or connected to other medical devices or equipment in order to operate as required for its
intended purpose, sufficient details of its characteristics to identify the correct devices or equipment to use in order to obtain a safe
combination;

d) all the information needed to verify whether the device is properly installed and can operate correctly and safely, plus details of the
nature and frequency of the maintenance and calibration needed to ensure that the devices operate properly and safely at all times;

The following are possibly applicable to software devices

10.1. Devices with a measuring function must be designed and manufactured in such a way as to provide sufficient accuracy and stability within appropriate limits of accuracy and taking account of the intended purpose of the device. The limits of accuracy must be indicated by the manufacturer.

10.2. The measurement, monitoring and display scale must be designed in line with ergonomic principles, taking account of the intended purpose of the device.

10.3. The measurements made by devices with a measuring function must be expressed in legal units conforming to the Units of Measurement    Regulations 1986.